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Immigration Story of John Morrow (British Immigrant)

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It was my wife’s Great Uncle, born 1795, emigrated to Nova Scotia with a job, as a clerk, after losing position with a newspaper, (can tell you story if you wish). He worked for Mr. Bain for years, but on his journey across to N/Scotia, he had a fellow clerk, who was John Duffus, whom he made friends, through him, met his sister, in time married, she was the sister of (Sir) Samuel Cunard’s wife, Susan.

Inc, working for Cunard, commissioned by U S A President Andrew Jackson.

Also his younger brother, Robert, who followed him out working for Joseph Cunard, Etc.

JOHN MORROW 1795 – 1862

ROBERT MORROW 1800 - 1867

JOHN MORROW born 1795 in Low Felling, Durham England. Employed as a clerk for the local newspaper, whose owner decided to hold a competition to show off his son, writing. Prize of money. Fully expecting his son to win, but the judges chose Johns work instead. Two months later, he was dismissed.

A Mr. Bain, businessman in Nova Scotia wanted a clerk, telling his people in England, John was selected, and so boarded the ship for Nova Scotia.

1813 On this ship was another fellow clerk, name of John Duffus, who descended from Scotland, whom he befriended, being introduced to his mother and siblings, one of his sisters, was MARY ANN DUFFUS, who eventually became his wife.

1820 - John was a clerk to Mr. Bain, whom he respected, in time naming one of his sons after him,
JAMES BAIN MORROW, 1831 - 1880.
(There is a book published of his life, year after he died, MEMORIES OF JAMES BAIN MORROW, publisher, Toronto Methodist book and publishing house, in 1881)

1820 - John Morrow married, Mary Ann Duffus, after which they moved to for two years , returning to take up position of head clerk on $800 salary, with his brother in law, Samuel Cunard , who’s wife was Susannah Duffus , sister of Mary Ann.

1833 - He left Cunard’s service to take up position of CONSULE of North America , the first one in Nova Scotia. He was commissioned by the U S A PRESIDENT, ANDREW JACKSON.

1834 - A letter from John to the Hon Secretary of State JOHN FORSYTH , reporting a cholera outbreak .

About 1842, if I remember date correct. America bought in a new law in, only Americans can hold this position, even though he held it for a further, about 4 years.

Leaving this, he opened up his own office, they say he done OK for about 18 months.
Then he returned to England, leaving his children with family, as his wife had passed away.

1843/44 - He was working in the offices of John Stephenson, the railway contractor, building the line "Lancaster to Carlisle , Scotland , Line " see his letter later , dated June 2nd , 1845.

1845 - Residing in Edinburgh Scotland, where his son joined him to finish his high school education at school in Edinburgh. (I contacted them, they confirmed he was there, but said too busy to search records of his results etc). It was the largest single railway contract at the time.

About, Jan 1849 - John Morrow returned to Nova Scotia, with his experience of railways. He joined the railway; he was not only secretary, but also paymaster, manager of the line to Bedford. He was in charge of construction, books, also the revenue books.

1860 - He retired with bad health.

1862 - John died, at 2.30 pm .three days earlier he was seized with paralysis and never spoke again, after the first of these. He was living at the time at Mrs. Darby’s on Brunswick street.

Their son , JAMES BAIN MORROW who was a clerk for the Cunard’s, was eventually made a partner, he married, MARION LOUISE MacDONALD.

One of their sons was, JAMES MORROW, he was a graduate of the ROYAL MILITARY COLLEGE, and his name is inscribed on the MEMORIAL ARCH, there, a very holy place.

One of their daughters, SUSANNAH DUFFUS MORROW 1822 - 1906, wrote a book with her husband, WILLIAM JAMES STAIRS, "FAMILY HISTORY, STAIRS, MORROW, Including Letters, Diaries, Essays, Poems, Etc ". Original publication, 1906. Gen Publication, 2010.

Robert Morrow 1827 - 1885, married, Helen Sophia Stairs, June 21st 1854, her brother left his fathers business to start him-self, when Robert was taken in as a partner.

Mary Morrow married, John Stairs, Aug 8 1854.

One of their sons was, WILLIAM GRANT STAIRS July 1st 1863 (153 years today) Halifax, Nova Scotia. Died, on a steamer on the LOWER ZAMBESI RIVER, AFRICA. He had been shot by a poison arrow, from the natives.

1878 - 1881, He was at the Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.He joined Henry Morton Stanley’s expedition to find DR LIVINGSTON. Very quickly became the second in command.He kept a diary of his time, etc, when he returned, he wrote a book on his diaries, published, (Stanley done the same), William speaks of Stanley, slaves, whippings, whom he met, etc., "AFRICAN EXPLOITS"

1800 - ROBERT MORROW younger brother of John was born, Low Felling, Durham, like his brother he was a clerk, when old enough, he followed his brother to Nova Scotia, to take a position with Joseph Cunard, who had a few business interests in Miramichi. Robert was principal clerk, like his brother, very religious, perhaps more so.He became very well known and respected by all accounts, being one of the first firemen volunteers, also other things, collecting money to build a church before Rev Pickles arrived.
Several years in Joseph’s employment, he eventually with his family, returned to Liverpool England, to start his own business, this was some years before Joseph got into financial difficulties, which his elder brother Samuel, paid up all his debts.


Briefly, Stairs. John Fitzwilliam, Jan 19 1848, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Industrialist, Financier, Politician, second child of William James Stairs, and Susanna Morrow. He married Charlotte Jane Fogo, April 27, 1870, Halifax, N /S. They had seven children, born into a family on the very prominence within Halifax mercantile elite. His grandfather, William Machin Stairs, was founder and principal of a hardware and shipping chandlery firm, his father was a partner.

Eldest son died in 1860.

John Fitzwilliam was educated at Rev James Woods School and Dalhousie College.

1869 - Became a partner in the family firm of, WILLIAM STAIRS, SON and MORROW
There is an extensive, extended family tree on Ancestry, Morrow Tree plus many other marriage related families.

"Essex" which was my wife’s married name before mine, before this, born Morrow, in 1944, England.

To the letter John Morrow wrote, while working in John Stephenson’s office, England:

My dear Sir,

Your kind and affectionate letter reached me this morning, just as I was about to sett off for Northampton, and I read it with no ordinary feeling. It is not perhaps that Susan changes her situation and name, because to do so occurs to most females, but she has sustained a position since the death of her mother so singular and important tome and my family, that I feel almost incapable of expressing my feelings at the idea of a separation. If any judgment can be formed, I can have no fear for Susan, and once for all I shall say that she is made up -of affection and truth. She has been my comfort, and may the Almighty in great mercy be with and bless you both. I cannot write much, and have no letter from Susan, and fear that she may have written to me at Kendali. If so, I may no chance of answering it, as I should now be off to open, or to make one at the opening of a railway.

I wish most earnestly that I might be excused. Apply at once on your reaching Liverpool to Messrs. I. Ingraham and co, but if possible I will be there when you land. If I am not there, Mr. Jones formerly of the Dockyard in Halifax will meet you, but I earnestly trust to meet you my -self. We are here in the centre of a tremendous business wit contracts to the extent of about six millions.

We have six thousand men at work between Lancaster and Carlisle, and 70 horses, and if Parliament decides with respect to other lines before winter, we shall have 20,000 men at work. This we make headquarters for the present, but it is more probable that I shall go to Scotland in a few weeks. My kindest respects to your good father and mother .Please to say that I will write to them when I can spare a few minutes. I have much to say, but I must write a line to Susan and then be off. Be assured that your welfare is near my heart. We have large connections here who will receive you with more kindest and your visit will please them much .Very sincerely and affectionately.

John Morrow

This same year, Robert Morrow (1827 – 1885) married Helen Sophia Stairs (1827 – 1894).

James Bain Morrow married Louisa Matilda Ritchie May 20, 1855, their sons, (all Canadian), Dr. Arthur Morrow 1864 - 1882

Dr William Stairs Morrow 1869 - 1920, J B M was the Nephew of Samuel Cunard:

1846 - Clerk in Cunard’s business.
1864 - Accepted a Partnership in Cunard’s.
1868 – 1872 - Sole Manager in Nova Scotia, until new partners joined.

Another son, James Morrow est. 1856, married, Marion Louise Macdonald Aug 28 1860 - Sept 18, 1932 (age 22) 19 Oct, 1932, Toronto, Canada.

He was a graduate of the Royal Military College, and his name is inscribed on the Memorial Arch, there.

James Bain Morrow was a soldier in army of the church, attending regular meetings, until he was him-self appointed a class leader. His wife was 2nd daughter of Rev. Matthew Ritchie, born in Ramelton, North Ireland, died 1848, his parents were Presbyterians.

Upon James death, scores of letters arrived by every mail in the succeeding days of mourning.

1861 - A responsible, confidential clerk in the Cunard business, while a Preacher.

1878 - The Laymen of Halifax District elected him to the Gen Conference.

1864 - On his return from England, after the vacation, fearing the night work at Cunard’s, took an office for him-self, resolving to begin business. Long before the newspapers announced his accession to the partnership, he had been a partner in every sense of burden - bearing and self sacrifice .

1868 – Mr. William Cunard, head of the Halifax firm removed to England, from that date J B Morrow was sole manager 1873, when Messre Franklyn and Peters were admitted into the partnership.
James worked hard with the Y M C A, Young men’s dept.

Their children: James (1855 – 1908), Mary Ann (1857 - 1944), Laura (1860 - 1913), Matthew (1862 - ), Arthur (Dr.) (1864 - 1918), Edith (1865 - ), William Stairs Morrow (Dr.) (1869 – 1920)
William Adolphe Morrow 1900 - 1988, parents, Dr. Arthur Morrow 1864, (I had his original schoolbook, sent to me from a lady in Canada). His mother was Franziska Margaretha Amanda Pries de Saone 1864 – 1954.

Buried, Conrad Memorial Cemetry Kallispell Flathead County, Montana.

Bob Morrow, 5 children: Rich Morrow resides in Halifax ( still ?) by order, William "Bill" Ritchie (Rich made millions as a stock analyst 2002, so I have been told), Robert "Rob ", Brenda, Ross (who’s son Max Morrow was a child star TV early years of the MONK TV Show, gone on to lots of things, look him up on google).

Son of John Stairs (1823 – 1888) and Mary Morrow (1829 - 1871, first cousin twice removed of my wife), is WILLIAM GRANT STAIRS (July 1, 1863 – 1892) died on board boat on Zambesi River, Africa. (2nd cousin once removed from my wife)

Williams’s mother died when he was only 8 years old.

1878 – 1881 - Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

1886 - He was Orderly Officer at Chatham & Broughton Barracks (please bear with me here)

1788 - An association was formed to encourage exploration and trade in Africa.
Same time, many Europeans started to campaign against slavery (Abolished in England 1807).

Most of the farmers in Cape Colony were unhappy with British rule, and they set off on the great trek, into the interior, after much hardship, they formed two new republics, The TRANSVAAL and the ORANGE FREE STATE. But when they reached the Zulu Lands, the Zulus attacked them, (The Boers), Eventually the Zulus were defeated by the British in 1879.

1852 - 1856 David Livingstone crossed the continent following the Zambesi River,

1866 - He set out to look for the source of the Nile, losing contact with Britain, for almost three years.
An expedition led by Henry Morgan Stanley found him on the shores of Lake Tanganyika.
WILLIAM GRANT STAIRS was his second in command.

Upon returning to England, William was recommended by Mr. Stanley to lead another expedition into Africa, for King Leopold. Leopold became very rich with the land, in the Congo, afterwards, with Wild Rubber, especially after cycles became popular with rubber tires. Slaves were set to work collecting the rubber from the trees, any-one who refused, tried to run away, had an amputation, hands above wrist, feet, genitals, were chopped off, brutally.

1908 - Belgium took over from Leopold, and then copper was found in Katanga. Lots of people called W G Stairs a traitor. You have to make up your own mind on that, perhaps it was just the adventure, which drove him on? As I have said before, he never returned alive from this expedition.

The earliest record in this Consulate General is a despatch dated April 10th, 1833, from Consul John Morrow to the Secretary of State, acknowledging receipt of Departments Instruction dated March 27th, 1833, transmitting the Consuls commission and blank Consular Bond.

The first instruction on record in this Consulate General dated April 25th, 1833.

No record has been found of the location of the Consular Office prior to about 1865.

In a despatch from Consular General Ingraham dated July 01st 1895 , to the department, The Consul General reposted, the removal of the office on July 1st 1895, from the place where it has been for 32 years, to the corner of Granville and George streets . (Does this still stand?)

The records indicate as follows;

From 1863 to 1895 the office was located in a building on Bedford Row described as a "Four story cement and brick building" ( obviously now, its gone then). The Consulate was located on the second floor.

Names of Officers - Term of Service:

JOHN MORROW (April 10th, 1833 – 1840)
THOMAS B LIVINGSTON (March 25th, 1841 - December 17th, 1852, Resigned)

The early records are concerned largely with shipping matters, accounts and the failure of exporters to take Consular invoices.

In 1834, Mr. Morrow stated that he is the first Consul appointed in British North America.
A despatch from him to the Honorable John Forsyth, Secretary of State, written in Sept 20th, 1834, reported a cholera epidemic in Halifax, giving a number of cases as 131, of which 35 were new that day.

In 1836, he reported the death of his wife and the serious illness of eight of his children.

In 1837, Consul Morrow reported that a Mr. Webster had arrived from Boston, stating that he had been appointed Consul at this post.

There is however, no indication that Mr. Webster took over the Consular Office.

Despatches from Consul M M Jackson (Sept 3, 1861 - March 31, 1882, 7th Consul, show that in 1861 and 1862 blockade runners made Halifax a port of call on their way to southern posts, clearing usually for Matamoros, Mexico.

They show too that Confederate representatives passed through Halifax on their way to England.

In 1866, Consul Jackson reported the departure for Washington of the Honorable Charles Tupper as a representative of Nova Scotia on business with the Reciprocity Treaty.

At New York, he was to join "Canadian” and other “Provincial delegates"

The Consul reported that the disposition of Mr. Tupper toward the United States during the civil war was friendly notwithstanding "The sympathy here in favor of the South ".